The Biodiversity Digital Twin prototype will provide advanced models for simulation and prediction capabilities, through practical use cases addressing critical issues related to global biodiversity dynamics.

BioDT exploits the LUMI Supercomputer and employs FAIR data combined with digital infrastructure, predictive modelling and AI solutions, facilitating evidence-based solutions for biodiversity protection and restoration.

The project responds to key EU and international policy initiatives, including the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2030, EU Green Deal, UN Sustainable Development Goals, Destination Earth.

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In BioDT, infrastructure can be disambiguated into:

  • Computing infrastructure that enables digital twins to run, such as high-performance computing (HPC) infrastructures or cloud infrastructures. Depending on the context, this may refer to:
    • HPC clusters including LUMI. A HPC cluster is a collection of many computers (termed nodes) that are connected. LUMI’s combined computing power, for example, is equivalent to that provided by approximately 1.5 million laptop computers.
    • Hardware used by such clusters. This could, for example, refer to solutions for data storage or specific components and/or devices, such as graphics processing units (GPUs).  
    • Middleware software used by the previous. Middleware is a term for software enabling communication between otherwise separate applications.
  • Biodiversity Research Infrastructures (RIs), which are entities that, for example, facilitate data collection, collation, storage, provision and findability (via portals) for academic researchers. Four different biodiversity RIs (DiSSCo, eLTER, GBIF and LifeWatch) participate in the BioDT project.